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Journal: International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology(IJMET) (Vol.10, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1515-1521

Keywords : land; production factor; agricultural production; natural and climatic conditions; water resources; governmental support; agrarian relations.;

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The urgency of the study of the theory and practice of the past results not only from the interest in analyzing the situation of the past, but also by the latest social and economic problems in Russia. The article considers the existing characteristics of the specific features of land as a factor of production and agricultural production as a whole, presented in the educational and scientific literature by domestic and foreign scientists. Based on its analysis, upgrades to the existing interpretations of the specific features of land as a factor of production and also agricultural production as the basis of the economic life of society have been proposed. In the theoretical aspect these upgrades will expand the understanding of land as a unique factor of production and, practically, will make it possible to have a clearer description of the specific features of agricultural production. Besides that, attention is drawn to two circumstances that to a certain extent curb the fuller use of the market mechanism in agriculture, namely, the periodic overproduction of agricultural products in a number of developed countries and the presence of so-called “price scissors”. It is noted that the features of agricultural production affect the specifics of agrarian relations, manifested primarily in various forms of ownership and management. The purpose of the article is to clarify the classification of the specific features of land as the main factor of production and agricultural production. The methodological basis of the study is a systematic approach based on the dialectical method of studying interacting objects, which allows classifying and analyzing processes and their results at the macro and micro levels. The incompleteness of the features of land as a factor of production and agricultural production in educational and scientific literature is revealed and their specified classification is proposed.

Last modified: 2019-05-28 21:15:45