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Using neural networks to identify the regional and varietal origin of Cabernet and Merlot dry red wines produced in Krasnodar region

Journal: "Foods and Raw materials" Journal (Vol.7, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 124-130

Keywords : Cabernet and Merlot red wines; regional and varietal origin of wine; multi-element analysis; neural net- work technologies; Neural Network;

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This paper shows a possibility of establishing the authenticity and geographic origin of wines by neural networks based on multi-element analysis. The study used 144 samples of Cabernet and Merlot dry red wines pro- duced in Krasnodar Region according to traditional technologies. The wines were provided by the producers or pur- chased in retail stores. The concentrations of 20 micro- and macroelements in red wines were determined by atomic emission spectroscopy with inductively coupled plasma. The analysis of average elemental contents showed a signi- ficant dependence of wine composition on the grape variety and place of origin, which enabled us to examine inter- relations between the elements and think of a way to identify them by means of classification models. The software STATISTICA Neural Networks was used to assess a possibility of determining the grape variety and geographical origin. The neural networks constructed in the study contained five variables corresponding to the elements with sta- tistically significant correlations between the names of the regions and the wine samples, namely Fe, Mg, Rb, Ti, and Na. These predictors were able to determine the grape variety and place of growth with a sufficiently high accuracy. In the test sample set, the accuracy reached 95.24% and 100% for variety and region identification, respectively. A software product was developed to automate the calculations based on the neural networks. The program can estab- lish the grape variety from a minimal set of microelements, and then, based on the variety and the same set of micro- elements, determine its place of origin.

Last modified: 2019-06-26 14:23:48