SUICIDE RISK ASSESSMENT CRITERIAJournal: Journal of the Grodno State Medical University (Vol.17, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2020-01-08
Authors : Bukin S. I.;
Page : 530-537
Keywords : suicide rate; suicide risk criteria; suicide risk; medical and social portrait of a suicide; Pearson’s scale;
Purpose. To develop criteria for screening express diagnostics of suicide risk. Material and methods. The statistical data on the number of suicides in the Republic of Belarus and the Grodno region for the period 1995-2018 as well as the data on the medical and social characteristics of suicides in the Grodno region (n = 746) were analyzed. To process the data, we used the statistical application package “Microsoft Office Excel” (Analysis ToolРак), namely the methods of parametric and nonparametric statistics (Pearson's r-test,correlation and approximation methods), and the analytical method. Results. Medical and social portrait of the average suicide of the Grodno region is the following: a man aged 31- 60 years, married; lives in his own family or with relatives; has his own accommodation; has secondary or secondary professional education; his financial situation is average, satisfactory or good; is satisfactorily or positively characterized in his community; rarely visits medical facilities; is not under the supervision of a psychiatristnarcologist; has not committed any suicide attempts before. Significant circumstances preceding suicide are: alcohol abuse, the presence of a chronic disease, domestic conflict, a difficult life situation and a conflict of inter-sexual relationships. Conclusion. Suicide risk factors, which are individually significant for each suicide, are mainly social in nature and can be generalized at the population (territorial) level in the form of criteria for screening express diagnostics of suicide risk. The relevance of these criteria is determined by their compliance with the medical and social portrait of the average suicide.
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