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Journal: NAUKA MOLODYKH (Eruditio Juvenium) (Vol.7, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 557-564

Keywords : rational nutrition; nutritional status; diet; prevention; lifestyle; healthy generation;

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Aim. Was to identify the characteristics of the nutritional status of young people and to develop scientific recommendations for its optimization. Materials and Methods. The object of study – 198 students of the pedagogical College of Ryazan aged from 16 to 22 years. Evaluation of nutrition was carried out in accordance with the methodological recommendations on the study of the actual nutrition of the population and of the state of health of the population in connection with the type of nutrition. Statistical processing was carried out by methods of correlation and dispersion analysis using Microsoft Excel. Results. The study showed that the diet of 87% of students differed from the optimal one (p<0.05). The most common disorder of the diet was the absence of breakfast (33% of respon-dents). 71% of students consume most of the daily ration in the evening. More than half of the respondents (62%) explained the irrational diet by lack of time due to the inconvenient schedule of classes. Sandwiches, burgers, pasta and pastries dominate the food product set of students. 58% of students prefer carbohydrate nutrition. The protein deficiency in the averaged diet of girls was 27% that was 1.5 times that in the diet of boys (p<0.05). Consumption of fats by young men exceeded the physiological norm by 42%, while among girls this parameter was 16% (p<0.05). A significant deficit of polyunsaturated fatty acids was revealed, which was 38% lower in girls and 29% lower in boys as compared to the physiological norm (p<0.02). At the same time, nutrition of respondents was characterized by excessive consumption of sugar and lack of dietary fibers. Insufficient intake of water-soluble vitamins was typical of every second student and of fat-soluble vitamins – of every third one. Conclusion. Students nutrition is not optimal. It is characterized by excessive consumption of saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, deficit of proteins, vitamins that may cause alimentary diseases and requires development of a complex of preventive measures.

Last modified: 2020-01-09 16:20:39