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Journal: Sociosfera (Vol.11, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 32-41

Keywords : transhumanism; self; mind-body problem; immortality; soul;

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Transhumanism is an actively developing form of the modern worldview, which regards the overcom- ing of the biological conditionality of a human being and the achievement of individual immortality as the main task facing humanity. The main disadvantage of transhumanism is not its ethical unacceptability, but rather its philosophical naivety – which is manifested in the uncritical acceptance of the naturalistic model of man as the only possible one and discarding without any sufficient justification and consideration of all other, including religious (non-natural), religious philosophy) concepts of human nature. The article shows that the naturalistic understanding of a person is confronted with very significant, essentially insurmountable problems concerning the nature of the individual «self» and the solution of the mind-body problem, which makes it necessary to eval- uate naturalism as a false model of understanding human nature. The alternative to naturalism is the dualism of matter and consciousness, or radical idealism, which considers only consciousness as real. In both cases, natural immortality is allowed and, therefore, the need for artificial immortality of transhumanists is no longer neces- sary. Thus, it makes no sense to make plans to achieve the «immortality of the self», without having a clear an- swer to the question: what is the «self». Only by studying what death really is – we can decide the enemy to us or the door to other worlds, behind which there are enormous opportunities for our spiritual evolution

Last modified: 2020-03-25 17:34:40