Providing fire safety in open warehouses of production facilitiesJournal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2020, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-09-15
Authors : Gulida Yev. M.; Sharyy V. V.;
Page : 39-46
Keywords : open production facilities; fire; fire risk; fire fighting; fire protection;
Problem statement.In the field of fire safety, the term "fire risk" is used, ie it is a measure of fire danger potential of protection objects and its consequences for people and material values. Safeguarding the fire safety of security objects consists of identifying, analyzing and evaluating fire risk, which allows the development and implementation of appropriate measures to reduce it to an acceptable level. The most dangerous fires are fires in open warehouses of production facilities. In most cases, such fires, if not detected earlier, have time to spread over large areas and cause material damage. In most cases, fire protection in the open warehouses of production facilities, taking into account the fire risk, is practically non-existent. Therefore, investigating the issue of fire safety at these sites, taking into account the fire risk and the use of automatic fire alarms and fire alarm systems, is an urgent and timely task. Purpose of the article. To develop a methodology for providing fire safety for open warehouses of manufacturing facilities, taking into account fire risk and using automatic fire alarms and alerts. Problem and its solution.The task to determine service area for fire detectors and detectors in open warehouses of production facilities was set and solved. In addition, dependencies were obtained to determine the components of fire risk. An example of determining fire risk for open timber composition was considered. The results of the calculations performed for the above example confirmed the reliability of the developed methodology of ensuring fire safety for open warehouses of production facilities. Conclusion. 1. A methodology for ensuring fire safety for open warehouses of production facilities was developed, taking into account the fire risk and thereby ensuring the inadmissibility of serious consequences from the fire for the working warehouse. 2. The following set of fire protection systems and systems provides acceptable fire risk for the object of protection for up to 10 years of their operation. Therefore, the arrangement of open warehouses with such fire-fighting equipment and systems is mandatory. 3. The dependencies developed to determine the components of fire risk were based on the basic principles of the theory of reliability and showed high reliability and adequacy with the true values considered in the example.
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