ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login

Effect of chemical composition of S420M steel on strength indicators

Journal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2020, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 60-67

Keywords : steel S420M; chemical composition; regression equation; strength; forecast;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Introduction.The study of the influence of chemical composition of materials on their mechanical properties is most often realized through modeling. This approach makes it possible to establish a one-to-one correspondence between composition and properties in the form of the obtained regression equations. The estimation of the magnitude of the coefficients of the equations allows us to determine the degree of influence of chemical composition elements of the materials on mechanical properties. It is therefore proposed to use this approach to evaluate the effect of chemical composition of S420M on its strength. Materials and methodology. The chemical composition and the tensile strength σв of the S420M structural steel were varied within the limits of the ДСТУ EN 10025-4 standard for metal products. Using a technique of experiment planning, a fractional replica of the 24 experiment matrix was implemented. The results of the experiment. Multiparametric regression equations for the estimation of the tensile strength depending on the percentage of carbon, silicon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium and vanadium were obtained. The greatest impact on the tensile strength, depending on the percentage, is 125,25 carbon, 29,50 − manganese, 29,50 − chromium, 24,50 − vanadium and 16,50 − molybdenum. The calculation of the effect of the elements of the chemical composition on the strength was carried out on the basis of the analysis of the coefficients of the obtained mathematical model. Thus, the approach to the prediction of the strength limit of S420M steel is implemented, which allows to control its performance during production by changing the chemical composition. The performance of the model is confirmed by the statistics of Fisher and Kochren. Conclusions. On the basis of the analysis of the influence of the chemical composition of S420M steel on its ultimate strength, a mathematical model of forecasting within the ДСТУ EN 10025-4 standard was obtained. The analysis of the coefficients of the model made it possible to rank the elements of the chemical composition of steel, depending on the "weight" of their percentage. The implementation of this approach allows us to predict the performance of steel strength in the process of its production by selecting the chemical composition.

Last modified: 2020-09-21 19:39:01