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The Response of Anemia Variation Severity among Under-Five Children

Journal: International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD ) (Vol.10, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 13009-13018

Keywords : Anemia; Under-Five Children; Variation; Ethiopia; Random Intercept Model;

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Burden of anemia clearly remains “severe public health problem. Anemia is health problem affects all over including poor and rich countries. In our country, “Ethiopia” childhood anemia showed spatial clustering. In Ethiopia, women suffering still from the consequences of severity of anemia as a result of low intake of iron from fortified foods and good nutrition. Based on 2016 Ethiopian Demography and Health Survey results, the principal objective of this study was to detect socio-economic and demographic factors and variations in the extent of the anemia of young children in Ethiopia. This research included a total of 3589 children under the age of 5 in Ethiopia. The descriptive analysis was therefore used and the Fixed Effect Model random interception was used. For statistical analysis SAS version 9.4 was used at 5% level of significance. From a total of 3589 under-five children were anemic, out of which 65.8%, 29% and 5.1% were mild, moderated, and severely anemic respectively. Two level logistic regression models were identity's the risk aspects of anemia amongst below-five children. Status of breastfeeding, Source of water, Status of underweight, Place of residence, and Wealth index were statistically effect at 5%. This indicates the random intercept and fixed slope model was predicting variation of under-five children underweight among regions in Ethiopia. Thus, study recommends additional education intervention and campaigns are required for all communities to avail them with the awareness of the mode of transmission and prevention about anemia, prevention strategies which are recommended by the regional health offices.

Last modified: 2020-10-01 15:03:16