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Design of Smart Multipurpose Agricultural Equipment

Journal: International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD ) (Vol.10, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 10599-10606

Keywords : Hand Tools; Fertilizer Application; Planting Operations; Seed Cultivation; Maintenance Free;

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At Present, small land holding farmers use work bulls mostly for land preparation. Their use can be increased and made more economicalby using modern equipments for other farm operations like ploughing, harrowing, fertilizer application, sowing, spraying water and weeding. Improved tools will also simplify farm work. Oxen can be used to pull a cart throughout the year which keeps them in training. Ploughs, ridgers, seeders and weeders are all cyclical implements. Manual method of seed planting, results in low seed assignment, low crop yield and serious back ache for the farmer which limits the size of field that can be implanted. The cost price of imported planters has gone beyond the purchasing power of most of our farmers. Farmers can do much to increase crop production especially grains if labor can be reduced or totally removed from their planting operations. Generally cultivation involves steps like seed selection, field preparation, fertilizing, sowing, irrigation, germination, thinning and filling, weed removal, vegetative stage, flowering stage, pesticide spraying, fruit or pod formation stage, harvesting and threshing. Farmer has to use various agricultural equipment and labors for carrying these steps, main purpose is to combine all the individual tools to provide farmers with multipurpose equipment which implements all the scientific farming techniques suitable for all type of seed to seed cultivation with as minimum cost as possible. This work is focused on the design and fabrications of multipurpose equipment used for land preparation, sowing, fertilizing, spraying water, leveling and weed removal process. The multi-crop planterhas the capability of delivering the seeds precisely with uniform depth in the furrow, with uniform spacing between the seeds .The seed planter consists of main frame, adjustable handle, seed hopper, seed metering disc, adjustable furrow opener, adjustable furrow closer, drive wheels and seed tube . Seed metering disc is designed to be interchangeable to allow for sowing of the different seeds. The multipurpose agricultural equipment is simple to use with the various adjustments made with ease, is maintenance free.

Last modified: 2020-10-06 18:34:18