A Bad Morality Used in Classical Arabic Poetry: Accumulating Property/WealthJournal: The Journal of Near East University Islamic Research Center (Vol.6, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2020-12-25
Authors : Adnan Arslan;
Page : 369-396
Keywords : Arabic Language and Rhetoric; Classic Arab poetry; wealty; stinginess;
As in the literature of every nation, the Arabs have preserved their precious words about moral virtues through the record of literature. One of these virtues is to spend a contented life away from ambition. The ambition to stockpile goods and stinginess are among the bad morals that the Quran and hadith prevent. The ambition to save and extravagance has been mentioned as two themes in classical Arabic poetry and many poets in this regard have criticized the exorbitant situation. The first three or even four centuries of the Abbasid period corresponds to the socio-economically prosperous period of the Muslims. Therefore, Arab poets who were brought up in this period of history naturally condemned in their poetry not poverty and poverty, but going to extremes with a life of wealth and luxury. In this study, the poems of the Arab poets of the Classical period, whose traces we have been following for a long time, about this exorbitant / extremism are included. The poems that great poets such as Ibn al-Rûmî, Abu Temmâm, Abu al-Atâhiye and al-Mutanabbî said within the scope of the subject were examined in terms of content. Under the prominent headings, the poems that are frequently mentioned in literary sources were selected and the perspective of the poets to the relevant theme was discussed.
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