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Adult personality: specifics and psychological mechanisms of development

Journal: Bulletin of Postgraduate education: collection of scientific papers. Series "Social and Behavioral Sciences; Management and Administration" (psychological, economy, public administration). Category «B» (Vol.15, No. 44)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 34-49

Keywords : socialization of adult; personal development; socio-psychological mechanisms of personal development;

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The specifics and psychological mechanisms of personal development of an adult are highlighted. It is established that the personal development of an adult can be considered in the context of natural changes, quantitative, qualitative and structural transformations of his personality as a subject of activity based on the desire for improvement, personal and spiritual growth, readiness for self-change and self-affirmation in various spheres of life. It is shown that personal development is a complex process, the progressive or regressive direction of which should occur in the cognitive-affective, conative-regulatory and value-semantic spheres, in each of which there are specific psychological mechanisms. It is shown that the development of an adult's personality is largely determined by his position and his own subjective activity in relation to the direction and possibilities of rapid change in the modern world, human desire for continuous self-improvement and self-development, preservation and development of spiritual principles. The psychological mechanisms of personal development of an adult in cognitive-affective (social comparison, identification, empathy, etc.), conative-regulatory (self-monitoring, self-verification, self-attribution, self-analysis, etc.) and value-semantic sphere of personal development (self-determination, self-design, self-expression, self-realization, self-actualization, etc.) are determined. It is shown that, depending on the specifics of the manifestation of these mechanisms, it is a question of progress or regress in the personal development of an adult. The latter, in particular, is manifested in the inauthenticity of self-presentation, the formation of a system of stable psychological defenses, and others. The expediency of taking into account these mechanisms in the process of psychological support of personal development of an adult is stated, which will provide social and psychological conditions for the harmonious development of personality

Last modified: 2021-03-05 21:54:16