Social Protection of the State: the Essence, Models and Features of SecurityJournal: Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine (Vol.39, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2020-12-20
Authors : Latysheva O. Yevtushenko M. Pronin S. Budoviy M.;
Page : 95-104
Keywords : social protection; social security; models of social protection; poverty level; degree of income (expenditure) differentiation; poverty line.;
The article analyzes the legal framework, professional literature, statistical and analytical reports, Internet sources to determine the essence of social protection, models and indicators of its provision. The category of “social protection” is much broader in its content and it includes the concept of “social security” have been determined. The characteristic features of social protection models in European countries have been clarified. The models of social protection in European countries are aimed at compensating citizens for losses due to unemployment, loss of housing, illness, disability, occupational injuries, loss of breadwinner, old age and others. The paper examines and clearly presents the dynamics of some indicators that characterize the level of poverty and other parameters of social protection. The absence of geographical indications in a situation of relative poverty is proved. There is a general decrease in differentiation among the poor, and the approach of its income (expenditure) to the poverty line against the background of increasing the value of the poverty line by all monetary criteria, as well as increasing the relative poverty line on the European Union equivalence scale. As a result of the analysis and generalization of the normative-legal base, scientific works of domestic and foreign authors the specificity of models and means of social protection in the world practice and in Ukraine is determined.
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