ONE MORE TIME ABOUT THE JURIMETRICSJournal: International scientific journal "Internauka." Series: "Juridical Sciences" (Vol.1, No. 15)
Publication Date: 2019-03-31
Authors : Chystokletov Lеontiy Khytra Oleksandra;
Page : 64-74
Keywords : jurimetrics; jurisprudence; law-metrics; jurisometrics; jurismetreo;
The urgency of the article is due to the need to solve urgent methodological problems of Ukrainian jurisprudence, in particular those related to the use of statistical and mathematical methods and computer technologies in it. The essence of the notion «jurimetrics» of American lawyer L. Lewinger has been revealed, and due to his work, published in 1949, the term «jurimetrics» («jurismetreo») has been widely disseminated. The main attention has been drawn to the opinion that the jurimetrics can be considered a section of cybernetics, in connection with which the concept of the jurisprudence of the Italian scientist M. Lozano, who proposed to abandon the term «jurismetreo», has been described. In this context, the impact of computerization of public administration on law-making techniques has been mentioned. It has been shown that, although the interest in jurisprudential research has not disappeared with the implementation of the concept of jurisprudence, the jurimetrics is still at the stage of formation. This demonstrates the presence of differences and discrepancies in the interpretation of the essence of jurimetrics. The reaction of representatives of the Soviet science to the jurismetreo studies, which were carried out in the West, has been described. The presence of interest to jurismetreo by some representatives of post-Soviet science has been demonstrated. In this context, the so-called electronic jurimetrics has been discussed, aimed at clarifying the issues of trends in the development of the volume of national legislation and its structural characteristics. It has been shown that the method of electronic jurismetreo is quite in line with the spirit of the jurimetrics mainstream. The content of the concept of jurisometrics, aimed at development, studying and application of modern mathematical and statistical methods of legal forecasting has been revealed; development of the theory and practice of expert methods of decision-making; monitoring of controlled parameters; empirical verification of various theories of law has been done. The failure to criticize this concept expressed by E. Kulikov has been shown. It has been compared with the concept of a new multidisciplinary branch of jurisprudence, which originated at the junction of applied mathematics and computer science and jurisprudence, — jurismetreo. The conclusion concerning the necessity of activating the study of theoretical and methodological aspects of jurimetrics has been given.
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