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Design and Analysis of Catalytic Converter Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.3, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 768-780

Keywords : Catalytic converter; Mesh materials; Grid shapes; CFD..;

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Now a days the global warming and air pollution are big issues in the world. The 70% of air pollution is due to emissions from an internal combustion engine. The harmful gases like NOX, CO, unburned HC and particulate matter increases the global warming, so catalytic converter plays an vital role in reducing harmful gases, but the presence of catalytic converter increases the exhaust back pressure due to this the volumetric efficiency will decrease and fuel consumption is higher. So analysis of catalytic converter is very important. The rare earth metals now used as catalyst to reduce NOX are costly and rarely available. The scarcity and high demand of present catalyst materials necessitate the need for finding out the alternatives. Among all other particulate filter materials, knitted steel wire mesh material is Change and selected platinum, palladium, and rhodium coated on the surface of ceramic honeycomb structures as filter materials in this paper. Through CFD analysis, various models with different wire mesh grid shapes rectangular, circular, Diamond combinations were simulated using the appropriate boundary conditions. The comparison of back pressure of different catalytic converter models is made in this paper.

Last modified: 2014-12-06 22:48:10