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Assessment of Health Risks due to Exposure to Cadmium and Lead of the Population of Daloa through the Consumption of Choukouya

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 387-394

Keywords : Choukouya; Heavy Metals; Danger Quotient; Excess Individual Risk;

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The present study aims to assess the health risks due to Cd and Pb incurred in the consumption of Choukouya by the population of Daloa. To do this, 30 samples of mutton, beef and chicken (fresh and cooked) taken were analyzed with an atomic absorption spectrophotometer by the graphite oven method. It emerges from the analysis that the meat species used in Choukouya are effectively contaminated by Cd and Pb at variable rates with an exceeding of the edibility criteria at the level of Pb. The accumulation of Pb is preferential than that of Cd in different species of meat. Mutton cooked with a Pb content range of between 308.4 µg/kg and 414 µg/kg is the most contaminated Choukouya meat. furthermore, the risk characterization showed that this meat used under Choukouya conditions would present dangers for consumers with a QDgreater than1 for Pb for all age groups (QD=2, 3 =greater thanAdolescent; QD=1, 55=greater thanYoung; QD=1, 38=greater thanAdult). We also note that a QDgreater than1 for beef (QD=1, 11) and chicken (QD=1, 43) only in the Adolescent age group. Furthermore, we can consider that there is no danger of the appearance of toxic effects linked to Cd with a QDless than1 for all age groups and whatever the animal species. The resulting ERI (Pb) is lower than the probabilistic limit set by the WHO.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:16:04