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Paragenesis of Micro - and Nanominerals as Indicators of Fluid-Dynamic Conditions of Soil Formation in Oil and Gas - Bearing Intermountain Mud-Volcanic Depressions of the Baikal Region

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 715-720

Keywords : parageneses; minerals; fluid-dynamic; soil;

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It is shown that the soil is a mineral petrographic facie of endogenous-exogenous oil and gas bearing lithocomplexes of mud volcanoes in the South Siberian region, which belong to the fluid-dynamic systems of modern Earth degassing pipes. The fluid-dynamic regime of the latter determines wide variations of thermodynamic, physic-chemical, and geochemical conditions of soil formation. It has been established that mineral associations are formed thus and can be used as soil-genetic indicators. A number of the mineral paragenesis of soil formation fluid-dynamic conditions is identified: fluid-pyrometamorphic one, appeared during recovered gases strong oxidation and natural cracking of liquid oil; fumarole steam gasous one; heterogenization products of hot springs hydrotherm; hydrothermal-sedimentary chemogenic one involving bacterial communities.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:16:04