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Bacterial Pneumonia: Comparison between Diabetics and Non-Diabetics

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.8, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 1194-1197

Keywords : Pneumonia Diabetics Microorganism Mortality Treatment;

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To determine the causative organisms, anti microbial susceptibility, and outcome of community- and hospital acquired pneumonia in diabetics and to compare this with non-diabetics, sputum cultures done at ASRAM MEDICAL COLLEGE, HOSPITAL, ELURU in the period between OCTOBER 2016 and December 2018 were reviewed. A total of 354 cases were studied, of which 125 (35 %) were diabetics. Diabetic patients were older with a male predominance compared to non-diabetics. H. influenza was the commonest pathogen in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in both diabetics and non-diabetics, but there was a predominance of Staphylococcusaureus indiabetics compared to non-diabetics. Gram-negativebacill iwere the commones tpathogens in hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in both diabetics and non-diabetics. Ampicillin, co-amoxyclav, flouroquinolones, second-generation cephalosporins and erythromycin were used empirically in CAP while aminoglycosides, fluoro- quinolones and imipenem were used in HAP in both diabet- ics and non-diabetics. No significant difference in mortality was found between diabetics and nondiabetics, for either CAP or HAP

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:24:41