Sociolinguistics Measure for Paternal Gender Dominance over Maternal One among Javanese MuslimJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.2, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2013-03-05
Authors : Giyoto;
Page : 504-510
Keywords : Sociolinguistic measure; gender dominance; Birmingham Discourse Analysis Model; Javanese Muslim;
This study engages with sociolinguistic measure from the perspective of gender dominance. It begins by finding specific conversational strategy of State Islamic Institute students of Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia based on gender, situation of conversation and participant status. The study is then framed around a kind of social background of different specific strategy. Taking the Birmingham Discourse Analysis Model, it explores the ways in which a sub-culture gender approach contributes to the process of classifying speakers as members of various kinds of social groups including the gender-based-group; identifying language varieties; accounting for the influence of context; and identifying outcomes. It is suggested that each of these aspects of social linguistic research stands to benefit from the methods developed in sociolinguistics, and from the theories and principles underlying the approaches it uses. However, drawing on the work of Birmingham Discourse Analysis Model and gender-based analysis, this study concludes that this sociolinguistics measure is fit to test the gender dominance at Javanese Muslim paternal society or family. In general, the analysis shows how Javanese Muslim community, especially the students� speech community of State Islamic Institute of Surakarta, patterns the men to be dominant, that is to be brave, hard, smart to speak, not-easy-of-giving up, leading, aggressive and competitive. On the other hand, the women are shaped, socially and culturally, to have the conversational strategy implying their soft heart, easy going, togetherness, similarity and accommodativeness. The man dominance is characterized by making more directive acts, initiating moves, and imperative sentences while the woman sub dominance is by having more assertive acts, responding moves, and declarative sentences.
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