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Ultrasonographic Characteristics of Diabetes Impacts in Kidneys Morphology

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 2453-2457

Keywords : Ultrasound; Kidneys; Morphology; Diabetes; Impacts;

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A total sample size consists of 150 Diabetic male patients have been investigated by ultrasound system General Electric using gray-scale B-mode imaging with curvilinear transducer 3 MHz to assess the impact of diabetes in kidney morphology and it is distribution in Sudan. The collected data were the patient age, height, weight, kidneys size, ultrasound findings of involved kidneys, and duration of diabetes and residence region. The analyzed data showed that: the diabetes has been as endemic disease in central Sudan (Khartoum& Jazeera) representing 55 % and in the west of Sudan representing 38 %. The BMI of diabetic patients have been significantly (R2=0.6) decreasing following aging. The kidney size increases significantly as R2= 0.75 and 0.6 for left and right kidney respectively and their correlation fitted in the following equations: y = 3.95x + 27.26 and y = 2.41x + 35.12 for the left and right kidney respectively. The impact of duration was a reduction in size significantly as R2= 0.61 and 0.55 with a correlation fitted in the following equations: y = -2.22x + 139.9 and y = -1.51x + 96.59 for the left and right kidney respectively. The mean kidney length was enlarged (14.5 cm) and enlarged renal cortex in the range of 2-2.3 cm, enlarged kidneys size were 92.4 11.7 and 121 17.1 for the right and left kidney respectively and atrophied medulla while in late case the kidney is more echogenic, atrophied size with loss of corticomedullary differentiation.

Last modified: 2021-06-30 21:10:56