Internal Economic Mechanism Intellectual Security of the EnterpriseJournal: Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Economics” (Vol.5, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2018-04-27
Authors : Galya Volodymyrivna Puida;
Page : 57-63
Keywords : economic mechanism; security; management; software; security system;
The enterprise functions and develops in conditions of uncertainty, in a competitive external environment, which produces numerous risks. The absence of conceptual foundations for the construction and operation of the economic mechanism of intellectual security of an enterprise capable of effectively countering threats, using the existing potential and generally maintaining the state of intellectual security, necessitates and urges the systematic study of this problem. The purpose of this article is to study the available scientific views on the mechanisms of economic security of the enterprise and, as a result of making conclusions, to form an author's vision of the economic mechanisms of intellectual security of the enterprise. The methods of research are theoretical methods: terminological, generalization, analysis, comparison. The author conducted a literary review of the available scientific thoughts on the economic security mechanisms of the enterprise. The author's definition of the concept of "intellectual security mechanism of the enterprise" has been formed. As a result of the inspection of the composition and purpose of the mechanisms of economic security, it has been revealed that the most popular in the scientific literature is the investigation of the mechanisms for ensuring and managing the economic security of the enterprise. Also, an examination of the less popular but equally important for constructing an integral scientific picture of the types of economic security mechanisms has been conducted. Scientific novelty is the author's own vision of the structure of the intellectual safety mechanism of an enterprise, which includes the mechanisms of management, provision and functioning. Their main purpose in the system of intellectual security of the enterprise and the relationship have been shown. Also, the author illustrates the resource flow between the three mechanisms in the form of a flow of information, management decisions and resources to realize their main goal - the desired state of intellectual security. So, the management mechanism, taking information about the potential threat to intellectual security, sends security and functional mechanisms information in the form of a management decision. The security mechanism in turn provides the economic security system with the necessary resources. The functional mechanism having received a decision the need for action and resources for their implementation uses its own tools to counter threats and provide the desired level of intellectual security. Prospects for further research in this area are further study of each mechanism: management, provision and functioning; development of tools and levers for each mechanism in the context of their operation in the enterprise; further study of the intellectual safety system of the enterprise through the prism of the functioning of its mechanisms.
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