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Bulling in the educational environment of a modern institution of general secondary education: theoretical aspect

Journal: Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Pedagogy and Psychology” (Vol.5, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 34-36

Keywords : booling; aggression; violence; aggressive behavior; school environment;

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In recent years, has been recognized in the educational practice the distribution of such a phenomenon as a boom. Today there is no single clear, scientific, and detailed definition of this phenomenon: some authors provide a different classification and explanation for this definition. We have considered boolining as a form of mental violence and aggressive behavior towards an individual or group, for the purpose of humiliation, domination, physical or psychological self-affirmation. As practice shows, by its nature school booling is a complex, systematic and complex social and psychological phenomenon that develops in a situation of hostility, fear, conflict. It usually manifests itself after classes in those places where adults' control is less or absent at all. There are two main types of booling: physical (intentional thrills, beats, beatings, other bodily injuries, etc.) and psychological (violence, threats, persecution, intimidation, isolation, extortion, etc.). According to the role structure, the booiler has three elements: a buffer, a victim, and observers. Mostly school boollying victims are children who have: physical handicaps, peculiarities of behavior and appearance, underdeveloped social skills, fear of school, the presence of illness, lack of experience in a collective, etc. The situation of a prolonged and systematic boollying by nature is usually stressful, and this leads to significant social and psychological consequences of its participants, namely: school maladaptation, academic failure; psychological disorders, consolidation in the minds of negative perceptions about oneself, decrease self-esteem, violation of socialization, social maladaptation; traumatism or suicide. Since school booling is an actual social problem, there is an urgent need to train specialists with certain theoretical knowledge, special skills, and practical skills to identify, prevent and overcome this phenomenon.

Last modified: 2021-08-20 23:59:00