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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 775-793

Keywords : Meiganga Aeromagnetism Remote Sensing Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS Aeromagnetic Line;

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In order to optimize gold prospecting in the Meiganga zone located in the Adamaoua region of Cameroon, aeromagnetic and remote sensing prospecting was carried out in the eastern and southern parts. The remote sensing approach on a Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS image highlighted areas of maximum gold concentration. Thus, ferric ion bearing minerals are located in the North-West, silicate minerals bearing ferrous ions are in the Centre while clay minerals are in the North-East and East. The principal component analysis revealed important structural information. The PCA Spatial Map (PC1, PC2, PC3) showed the plutonic formations composed of anatexis and anatexis granites, vegetation cover (at the date of image acquisition: February 22, 2019), areas of permanent water circulation or accumulation, and metamorphic and sedimentary formations namely gneisses, quartzites, schists and superficial clay formations. A Landsat SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) image was also used to enhance the lineaments through the Sobel filter to highlight the geomorphological (cliffs, valleys, ...) and topographic (river network, ridge and drainage segment) structures. The aeromagnetic approach was also important. The study of the modified magnetic field (CM) showed 4 ranges: very high, high, medium and low. The Total Magnetic Anomalies (TMI) of the area are subdivided into 2 ranges large positive anomalies (221.1-103.0 nT) located in the lower part of NE-SW orientation, small positive anomalies (103.0-(-)89.7 nT) located in the upper part of NE-SW orientation. The reduced total magnetic anomaly at the equator shows a fairly similar distribution to the total magnetic anomaly with the large positive anomalies in almost the entire lower part. Superimposed on the geological map, Neoproterozoic pre- to syn-tectonic granitoids (C) are superimposed on the large positive anomalies and Neoproterozoic conglomerates, quartzites, sedimentary shales and volcanosedimentary rocks (A) and Neoproterozoic syn-tectonic granitoids (B) are superimposed on the large and small positive anomalies. The grid of the reduced residual equatorial anomaly (ARRE) confirms that the local geology is strongly magnetic (gneiss and quartzite). The filters of the derivatives allowed to establish a map of magnetic lineaments of major orientation N045° and minor orientation N130°. The horizontal gadient superimposed on the local maxima showed the presence of deep structures oriented NE-SW. The analytical signal superimposed on the local maxima highlights the metamorphic basement consisting of rocks with strong magnetism. The application of Euler deconvolution localizes the depth of the sources of linear anomalies.

Last modified: 2021-08-22 19:28:53