SPECTRUM OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISCOMFORTSIN PREGNANT WOMEN AND IMPACT OF ANTENATALEXERCISES OR POSTURAL CARE ON STATUS OF RELIEF: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW STUDYJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2021-20-05
Authors : Neha Shukla; Puja Shukla;
Page : 1153-1157
Keywords : ;
Pregnancy is a normal physical state of womens life when they carried a 9 month developmental stages of the foetus. On these durations some pregnancy induced changes leads normal signs naturally but there is an increased risk of musculoskeletal pain or discomforts associated with increase of uterine size and mental stress of pregnant women, needed non-medicines approached like antenatal physiotherapy care. These possible pain or discomforts can make difficult to carry the pregnancy may leadsome complications. Various research studies are point out these problems of pregnant women and find out the triggers. Some studies show the spectrums of these musculoskeletal problems during pregnancy period. Various case studies are assuredtheparticular physiotherapy techniques as antenatal exercises have good impact on relief of respective musculoskeletal pain.Various researches are also covered some another aspects of musculoskeletal problems during pregnancies. In thepresent study an attempt has been made to comprehensive analysis of these review studies to identify the most common musculoskeletal problems in different stages of pregnancy and efficacy of physiotherapy techniques and antenatal exercises to overcome the problem. It was found in the spectrum analysis that most of the women (68.33 %) faced this problem during their pregnancy. On the analysis of most commonmusculoskeletal problem, the mean percent of reviews reveals showed that the most of the women found to be in muscle cramps and pain in neck and shoulder during I trimester whereas maximum women had low back pain (42.87 %) and pelvic girdle pain (11.65 %) on II and III trimester respectively. The satisfactory impacts of antenatal exercises were observed in different musculoskeletal pain by different techniques of Physiotherapy.These results can utilize to make suggestions and recommendations foradoption of suitable physiotherapy techniques in pregnancy to avoid the problem.
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