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Inverted pyramid Azores - an eternal hybrid structure

Journal: Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings (Vol.17, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 261-269

Keywords : structural engineering; complex structures; hybrid structures; steel-reinforced concrete structures; structural design; noble structures; inverted pyramids; history of engineering;

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Engineering structures are designed with observation of rules for structural performance under specific design loads, defined in the so-called structural codes. While dead loads are directly dependent from the selection of structural materials to a given structural function, live and accidental loads are often linked to the region where the structure must perform. In a complete opposition to engineering principles in Ancient Egypt, the inverted pyramid was designed to become a statement of how to bend gravitational laws, and what can be achieved by modern engineering, sill with intelligence to fulfill its function in a region where engineering structures are subjected to extreme live and accidental load regimes, e.g. high risk of earthquakes and high wind seasonal loads. A hybrid structural concept was specified, comprising lightweight structural wall elements anchored to a relatively heavyweight structural core. The suggested design concept fulfills the global equilibrium equation defined by architecture, and should become a structural example from a structural design perspective. As any other project involving non-comprehensive geometry, design and construction of the inverted pyramid is highly sensible to management options, which shall assure high precision manufacturing, and accurate control of its production.

Last modified: 2021-10-25 04:08:05