An Analysis of Theoretical Approaches to Vandalism in Football (Challenges and criminal solutions)Journal: Cultural-Social Studies of Olympic (Vol.1, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-12-13
Authors : Reza Heydari; Alireza Milani;
Page : 127-161
Keywords : Football; hooliganism; Vandalism; spectators; Criminal policy;
Football is the most popular and attractive sport, which has interactions with various institutions and structures of society and sports infrastructure. Due to the unique characteristics of football compared to other sports, including many fans and spectators, and influencing it in areas such as politics, media and national and regional identities, and most importantly, its many positive functions as any phenomenon Social also has negative functions such as violence, aggression and vandalism. Spectator hooliganism is one of the negative consequences of spectators in sports, and the sport of football, due to the large number of spectators, provides a favorable environment for its occurrence. Although spectator mobs are sometimes associated with criminal offenses such as litigation, intentional assault, and destruction of property, for criminal law reasons they cannot use their full potential in the face of spectator mobs, often with the development of criminal liability. Legal (clubs) and excessive recourse to fines are trying to counter this phenomenon. The purpose of this article is to identify the most important theories presented in the field of vandalism and aggression. In the present study, while explaining the generalities of how to deal with criminal law with spectator mobs, in particular, the specific characteristics of football spectators and the problems of dealing with the collective behavior of spectators as the most important challenges that caused criminal law to not exceed its maximum capacity to deal with this phenomenon. Use, checked.
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