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Mental retardation and oral health: An insight

Journal: Journal of Clinical Images and Medical Case Reports (Vol.2, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1-5

Keywords : Mental Retardation; children with disabilities;

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Mental Retardation (MR) is a genetic disorder mainfested in significantly below average overall intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive behaviour. It is a particular state of functioning that begins in childhood and is characterized by decreased intelligence and adaptive skills and also is the most common developmental disorder, often missed by clinicians. The condition is present in 2 to 3 percent of the population, either as an isolated finding or as part of a syndrome or broader disorder. Looking at varies studies it was concluded that the oral health situation of these groups must be improved and a suitable system devised for delivery of preventive measures. Special consideration must be given to improving the oral health of these groups. Oral health should be included in each child's individual health care plan with oral health promotion programmes aimed specifically at special needs schools and their parents. Children should be instructed to clean their teeth twice a day and oral hygiene should be practised at school and supervised by teachers. There should be a provision for in-service training for teachers, school staff and parents on how to promote good oral health specifically for these children with disabilities.

Last modified: 2021-12-13 11:17:35