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The relationship of self-compassion and rumination in prediction of chronic depression

Journal: Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry (Vol.7, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 15-29

Keywords : Self-compassion; Rumination; Chronic depression;

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Introduction: Depression is a common disorder that is associated with negative emotional states. In recent years, the main emphasis has been on identifying risk factors and mechanisms involved in individual differences in vulnerability to depression. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of self-compassion and rumination in predicting chronic depression. Method: This study is a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study and the study population was people over 15 years old with a diagnosis of chronic depression who referred to the psychiatric clinic of Farabi Hospital in Kermanshah in 2017-2018. Sampling was a convenient method. A total of 360 people were evaluated, of which 300 were included in the study. Data were collected using Beck Depression Inventory (1961), Self-Compassion Questionnaire (2003) and Nolen-Hoxma and Murrow (1993) and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, Pearson correlation and multiple game regression analysis and SPSS 21 software were analyzed and reviewed. Results: There is a negative and significant relationship between self-compassion (-0.490) and subscales of kindness to oneself (-0.482), human commonalities (-0.790) and mindfulness (-0.457) with chronic depression, between the subscales of judgment There is a positive and significant relationship between self (0.511), isolation (0.542) and assimilation (0.550) with chronic depression. There is a positive and significant relationship between rumination (0.299) and subscales of ruminant responses (0.277) and distracting responses (0.315) with chronic depression. Conclusion: Self-compassion and rumination are among the predictors of chronic depression. As a result, chronic depression can be reduced by increasing self-compassion and reducing rumination.

Last modified: 2022-02-09 18:05:52