Endoscopy Profile Patients with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Wangaya Regional General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia, during January 2021 - May 2021 PeriodJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2021-10-05
Authors : Kadek Sinta Dwi Saraswati; I Komang Septian Trisna Jaya; I Made Suma Wirawan;
Page : 192-195
Keywords : Profile; Endoscopy; Gastrointestinal; Wangaya Hospital;
Background: Endoscopy is one of the most commonly performed procedure to evaluate gastrointestinal symptoms. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy or colonoscopy can provide valuable information with less complication. Endoscopy profile has been reported in many hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine the endoscopy profile of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms in Wangaya regional general hospital, Bali, Indonesia, during period of January 2021- May 2021. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study and bivariate analysis was conducted among the medical record of 105 patients who underwent endoscopy in Wangaya Regional General Hospital due to gastrointestinal symptoms during period of January 2021- May 2021 using total sampling technique. Variable assessed in this study included patient?s socio-demographic, type of endoscopy, and the outcome of the endoscopy procedure. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 for windows. Results: This study conducted 105 patientswith61 (58%) patients were male, while 44 (42%) were female. Patient aged 50-59 years as many as 24 patients (22.9%) as the most frequent age group in our study and epigastric pain in 61 (58.1%) patients become the most common symptoms that appear as the main complaint of patients. Gastritis-gastric ulcers is the most common endoscopic findings in our study. No significant correlation between gender and the incidence of gastritis-gastric ulcer (p = 0.473). The incidence of gastritis-gastric ulcers is more common in the age group less than60 years than elderly group (48.5% vs 13.3%) and statistically, the risk of developing gastritis-gastric ulcer increased significantly by 2.7 times in the group of patients aged less than60 years compared to the elderly group (p = 0.02, OR (95% CI) = 2.7 (1.1 ? 6.4)). Conclusion: About 105 patients have undergone upper gastrointestinal endoscopy during January-May 2021 period. This study shown greater number of male patients compared to female and the patients were most frequently between 40-59 years old. Gastritis-gastric ulcers especially gastritis superficialis antrum was the most frequently found diagnosis in this study.
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