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A Prospective Observational Study on Non - Communicable Disease Riskfactors in Family Members of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 730-735

Keywords : Non Communicable Disease Risk Factors Alcohol Hypertension Diabetes;

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Non communicable diseases [NCDs] morbidity and mortality pose large and inequitable health and economic burden on individuals, society and health system. According to the national health profile 2019, 6.51 crore patients were screened at NCD clinics as a part of national programme for prevention and control of cancer, diabetes, CVD and stroke [NPCDCS] from jan1 - dec31 2018. As the reports shows the burden of NCDs increase from 30 - 55%. Hence there is a need of screening and monitoring NCD risk factors to reduce the NCD burden on community. Objectives: To find baseline information on different NCD risk factors and their trends in CKD Patient?s family members. Methods and Material: In this prospective observational study the CKD patient family members of all age groups above 18 were taken. STEP [1, 2, 3]are followed. Results: The prevalence of at least one NCD was 94.1%. Among the study subjects the prevalence of alcohol consumption, smoking and physical in activity was 24.3%, 28.5%, and 70.2% respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and CKD was 88.2%, 20.16% and 24.3% respectively. Hypertriglyceridemia was observed in 38.6% of subjects. Conclusions: More attention is needed in the management of NCDs risk factors to reduce the prevalence and progression of NCDs. Screening and monitoring should be done in and outpatient department irrespective of their symptoms for early diagnosis. Health care providers should extend their services to the family members of NCD affected patients as prevalence was high in family members than the normal population.

Last modified: 2022-02-15 18:46:47