The Association of Diabetic Retinopathy with Fasting, Postprandial Blood Sugar Levels and Hba1C in Diabetes Mellitus PatientsJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2022-01-05
Authors : Dr Uddhav Khaire; Dr Anupam Pal; Dr Rahul Rathod; Dr Sayed Ammaruddin Chishty;
Page : 242-245
Keywords : DM; NPCB; HbA1C;
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a microvascular complication of DM and can cause blindness or visual impairment (VI). Although cataract remains a principal cause of blindness in India, other retinal causes (especially DR) are emerging as priority diseases for national programme for control of blindness (NPCB) as well as vision 2020 India. It is of prime importance to examine diabetic patients regularly before the vision drops, so that timely intervention can be done before the condition becomes beyond the scope of treatment A Cross sectional descriptive study of 130 samples, selected by non-probability convenience sampling method and who met the designed set of criteria, was conducted. In this study, as per fundoscopy and Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Scale retinopathy was observed & HbA1C assessed as per ICMR 2018 guidelines. In 94.61% of casesHbA1C was uncontrolled & Controlled in 5.39%. Among all cases 59.23% had moderate degree of retinopathy, 35.38% had mild retinopathy. Further significant correlation was found between level of HbA1C and diabetic retinopathy (pless than0.05).
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