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Biomechanical Principles of Multipoint Suture Fixation for Abdominal Wall Reconstruction | Biomedgrid

Journal: American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research (Vol.7, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 54-56

Keywords : Biomedical Science and Research Journals; Biomedical Open Access Journals; Biomedical Research Journals; Open Access Journals of Nanomedicine; Journal of Nanomedicine; Nanomedicine Journal of Health Science;

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In the United States, approximately 400,000 ventral hernias are repaired every year with an estimated cost of about 3 billion dollars [1] . Ventral hernias are a relatively morbid condition given that an intact abdominal wall is necessary for dynamic activities such as rotation of the torso, respiration, defecation/urination, emesis, and childbirth. The management of ventral hernias has evolved over the past several decades with advances in technology and knowledge. The first significant improvement was the use of prosthetic mesh reinforcement to simple suture repair alone [2] . As reported by Luijendijk, randomized controlled trials demonstrated a decrease in hernia recurrence rates from 43 percent to 24 percent [3, 4]. Another major advancement was the popularization of the component separation technique as escribed by Ramirez [5] . This technique was found to be particularly useful in the case of large hernias where primary closure of the hernia defect is not possible otherwise. In addition, it eliminates the need for prosthetic mesh and its associated risks, while providing comparable or superior reduction in hernia recurrence [6, 7, 8]. Perhaps more importantly, the component separation technique provides a dynamic abdominal wall reconstruction, using innervated muscle which is critical to reducing hernia recurrence. In addition, component separation procedures provide an anatomic alignment of the muscles, which enhances abdominal wall function.

Last modified: 2022-04-09 16:27:56