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Ways and Tools to Improve the Efficiency of Natural Resources in Ukraine. (Management Mechanisms and Means of Hydrogen Sulfide Mixture Processing into the Black Sea)

Journal: Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine (Vol.41, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 27-32

Keywords : hydrogen; sulfur; hydrogen sulfide; processing of hydrogen sulfide mixture; ecological safety; absorption; mass transfer process; electrochemical reactor; mechanisms; means.;

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The article is devoted to the possibilities of using the hydrogen sulfide mixture contained in the depths of the Black Sea as a raw material for processing into hydrogen and obtaining sulfur as a by-product of processing. Prospects and problems of energy resources use in the conditions of energy crisis in Ukraine are considered. As a result of the conducted geological exploration works and analytical researches the reserves of hydrogen sulfide mixture were established, the mechanisms and means of its processing into hydrogen were proposed. In particular, the expediency of using the absorption – electrochemical method of purification of hydrogen from sulfur, which again can be used as a by – product for the needs of the national economy. It was found that in the process of long-term operation, due to the partial destruction of the elements of the electrochemical reactor, the efficiency of existing treatment plants is reduced compared to acceptable values. It is established that sanitary-protective measures for processing of raw materials do not correspond to the State sanitary rules of protection of atmospheric air of settlements, etc. From the ecological point of view, it is proposed to use economic-mathematical modeling of mass transfer processes in a gas-liquid system taking into account hydrodynamic processes in absorption-electrochemical installations for air purification from hydrogen sulfide, etc. Ways to intensify the process of scientific development on this and related issues of its economic efficiency are identified. Economic, ecological and safety factors influencing the intensification of hydrogen sulfide processing are studied. Mechanisms and means of improving the efficiency of the use of hydrogen sulfide mixture from the Black Sea are described. Ways to organize its processing into hydrogen are proposed. It is proposed to take measures to develop appropriate.

Last modified: 2022-04-27 00:22:42