A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge regarding Hypertension and its Management among Hypertensive Patients Admitted in Various Wards of Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital Shimla Himachal PradeshJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2022-03-05
Authors : Hansa Kumari; Aditya Sharma; Pooja Rani Sood;
Page : 96-99
Keywords : STP; hypertension; knowledge; hypertensive patients;
Background: Hypertension is defined as elevated systolic blood pressure more than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure more than 90 mmHg. It is one of the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases which is leading cause of mortality. It is chronic progressive disease that develop over many years and patient require education on risks of uncontrolled blood pressure, its management i. e dietary management, pharmacological management and physical activities. So structured teaching programme was developed and administered to improve the knowledge of patients regarding hypertension and it?s management. Objectives: The study was conducted with an objective to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge of hypertensive patients regarding hypertension and its management. Methodology: A quasi experimental study was conducted in January 2021 in I. G. M. C. and hospital; Shimla.60 hypertensive patients were selected on the basis of convenient sampling technique and purposefully allocated to experimental group (30) and control group (30). A structured teaching program regarding hypertension and its management was provided to experimental group. The pre-test and post-test (after one week) was assessed in experimental group and control group. Data was collected by self-structured questionnaire related to hypertension and its management. The gathered data was analysed by calculating mean, mean percentage, mean difference, standard deviation, paired t-test, unpaired t-test to evaluate the knowledge score and chi square test to find association of knowledge with selected demographical variables. Results: The study findings showed that post-+test mean score of knowledge regarding hypertension and its management (22.73 ? 3.965 pless than0.01) has significantly improved in experimental group as compare to control group (10.23 ? 5.029 p = 0.603) which was statistically non-significant. Conclusion: It is concluded that structural teaching programme has improved the post interventional knowledge score of hypertensive patients regarding hypertension and its management.
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