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The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Childhood Obesity in "Ananda Bunda" Clinic, Bali

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 340-342

Keywords : Childhood; Obesity; Pandemic; COVID-19;

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Introduction: World Health Organization declared the Novel Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic. School closure is one of the measures chosen by many governments include Indonesia. The risk factors for obesity are more prevalent during school holidays; in fact, the risk of weight gain due to school closures in children during COVID-19 has been recognized. Methods: This study is a prospective observational cohort study. The population is children and adolescents who follow regular growth and development assessments at the Ananda Bunda Clinic, Bali. The total sampling are 110 and were observe pre and during COVID-19 pandemic period. Results: The proportion of children who were overweight or obese increased by 20 from the initial 51 overweight/obese to 71 (36%). Fortunately there were only 4 (5%) experienced a decrease weight to ideal BMI. Furthermore, through bivariate analysis, this study found p-value = 0.000 (less than0.05) which indicates a real and significant difference between BMI in children before the pandemic and during the pandemic. Conclusion: Obesity is still a problem in children when pandemic. The incidence of obesity during the pandemic was proven to show a significant increase in this study there was a significant difference between BMI before and during the pandemic. Closure of schools, consumption of foods high in sugar and fat, and lack of physical activity can be factors.

Last modified: 2022-05-14 21:04:25