Commissive Speech Acts of Persuasion in English Political DiscourseJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2022-04-05
Authors : Nguyen Van Long; Nguyen Thi Thanh Thanh;
Page : 576-582
Keywords : presidential election speeches; persuasion; ideology; political discourse;
Politics is a process of making decisions by the distribution of power and resources in order to put certain political, economic, and social ideas into practice. For political messages to be delivered to the target community through political discourse, many strategies have been employed to fulfill the purpose of persuading the audience. The study investigates the Commissive speech acts of persuasion utilized in Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump?s 2016 presidential election speeches. Adopting the speech act theory by Searle (1980), the study aims to uncover the features of Commissive speech acts used by the two politicians for persuasion. The data was analyzed using descriptive qualitative method basing on quantitative information. The findings showed that the process of manipulation of the two politicians was fostered by Commissive speech acts, highlighting the illocutionary forces of threatening, pledging, offering, and refusing. Through the illocutionary forces, both Trump and Clinton would like to communicate their different political stands and ideologies to persuade the audience to advocate them. Donald Trump spread his persuasion with more dominating frequencies of Commissive speech acts than Hillary Clinton. Besides, they also demonstrated distinctively different illocutionary acts addressing different issues to serve their political purposes.
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