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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Post Exposure Prophylaxis of HIV / AIDS among B.Sc. Nursing Ist Year Students

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 944-948

Keywords : STP; knowledge; post exposure prophylaxis; needle stick injury;

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HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic. Needle Stick Injury is a serious hazard in any healthcare setting. It is an accidental skin penetration by a needle containing another person's blood or body fluid. Exposure to contaminated needles may expose the recipient to blood that contains pathogens which cause a potential risk. A pre-experimental study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding post exposure prophylaxis of HIV /AIDS among B.Sc. nursing Ist year students. Quantitative research approach was selected for the study and the research design was pre experimental one group pre- test post- test design. Sample size was 60 and the sampling technique was convenient. Structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect the data and analysis of data is done by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results shows that among demographic variables most of the subjects were of age group 18-20 years (96.7% ) , place of residence was rural (55%), no clinical exposure to sero positive client (91.7%) and source of information was through attending any program/ workshop related to HIV/AIDS (66.7%). The pre-test knowledge score shows that maximum participants, i.e. 52 (86.7%) had average knowledge, 8 (13.3% ) participants had good knowledge. The post-test knowledge score shows that maximum participants, i.e. 48 (80%) had good knowledge, 10 (16.7%) had excellent knowledge, 2 (3.3%) had average knowledge and none participant had poor knowledge regarding post exposure prophylaxis of HIV/AIDS. Thus, it shows that mean post- test knowledge score (27%) after the intervention was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (17.92). The paired T test value was 49.629, which was greater than the table value, 2.00. Hence it was considered as significant at the level of 0.05 level of significance. Hence, hypothesis H1 was accepted. The study findings indicated that there was increase in the knowledge regarding post exposure prophylaxis of HIV/AIDS after structured teaching programme and the same can be achieved through continuous ongoing conferences, workshops for students.

Last modified: 2022-05-14 21:04:25