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Diabetes Type 2 and Oral Changes: A Comparison of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Prosthodontic Patients

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.11, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1328-1331

Keywords : diabetes; prevalence; mouth mucosa; oral pathology;

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Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus have been associated with several changes in the oral cavity, such as gingivitis, periodontitis, mucosal diseases, salivary dysfunction, altered taste, and burning mouth. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in prosthodontic patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: This cross-sectional study involves 10 patients with diabetes and 10 nondiabetic subjects. Demographic information and data on the duration and type of diabetes, medical history, and current use of medication were obtained from medical records. A detailed oral examination was performed in accordance with international criteria, prosthodontic rehabilitation, and oral screening with the VEL scope VX? system. RESULTS: In the present study, the prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher in DM patients (70%) than in nondiabetic control subjects (40%). Patients with diabetes had a higher prevalence of denture stomatitis and angular cheilitis than controls. Conclusion: The prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control subjects.

Last modified: 2022-05-14 21:04:25