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Spatial Analysis of Turkey Earthquake Data with Conditional Autoregressive Bayesian Model Approach

Journal: Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Arts and Science Journal of Science (Vol.17, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 111-127

Keywords : Spatial models; Generalized Linear Spatial Models; CARBayes; Turkish earthquake data;

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Since the observation values in (spatial) areal data, which is one of the spatial data types, change depending on the space, spatial autocorrelation occurs between the observation values. In spatial models, in order for the spatial information to be included in the model, the neighborhood matrix, which defines the relations of the areas, must be created. For this reason, the use of models that take into account spatial autocorrelation has become widespread in recent years. Generalized Linear Models (GLM) are insufficient in modeling spatial autocorrelation. There is no previous study which has been done on modeling earthquake data with the Conditional Autoregressive Bayes (CARBayes) model. Therefore, in this study, the use of CARBayes model has been proposed by using the number of earthquakes occurred in Turkey in 2016. The CARBayes model is in the form of the Generalized Linear Spatial Model (GLSM). In the data set, “provinces” are taken as the spatial unit and administrative division boundaries are taken into account while creating neighborhood matrices. As a result of the permutation test established on the created neighborhood matrix, a spatial relationship is found in the earthquake numbers. Therefore, for the relationship between the number of earthquakes and the average earthquake size, the spatial information in GLSM is added to the model as a random effect with the help of the neighborhood matrix. Thus, the autocorrelation problem in residuals was solved and the predicted values were obtained. A risk value was calculated by using the estimated values and risky provinces were determined by mapping.

Last modified: 2022-12-08 18:06:46