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Мовна різноманітність в українському національному лінгвістичному корпусі

Journal: Movoznavstvo (Vol.2022, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 32-41

Keywords : world languages; Ukrainian language; lexical-semantic field; core zone; nearcore zone; semi-peripheral zone; peripheral zone; Ukrainian National Linguistic Corpus.;

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The article describes the features of the microfield «Languages of the World» based on the Ukrainian National Linguistic Corpus (hereinafter referred to as the UNLC) text materials with a volume of about 20 million word usages. The representativeness, the corpus texts' genres and functional styles balance as well as the full-text search toolkit usage ability, made it possible to obtain the most reliable data on the nominations denoting world languages functioning in the Ukrainian language. With the help of the world languages referents quantitative calculations, the core, nearcore, semi-peripheral and peripheral zones of the “Languages of the World” microfield were formed in the UNLC. The core of the microfield is formed by the most frequent units in the corpus, the nearcore zone – by less frequent units, the peripheral zone – by the units that are not frequently used, and the remote periphery – by the units that are rarely used. It was found that all the “Languages of the World” microfield core components are referents of the Indo-European languages. The nearcore zone is formed by nominations designating the languages of the IndoEuropean, Turkic, Sino-Tibetan, Afrasian, Finno-Hungarian and Japanese-Ryukyu families. The peripheral zone includes units representing the languages of the Indo-European, Turkic, Finno-Hungarian, Kartvelian, Korean, Afro-Asiatic, Niger-Congolese and Tupi families. Quantitative calculations of UNLC nominations, which were included in the «Languages of the World» microfield under study or analysis, highlighted the influence of extralingual factors on the features of language information modeling, including: the world languages genetic origins, cultures proximity, mentality, beliefs, peoples territorial contact, their interlinguistic interaction features, the economic and political weight of countries whose inhabitants are speakers of one or another language. Therefore, the microfield opens the way for new observations on the language through the prism of the language itself and actualizes its properties in relation to the above issue at the current stage of functioning.

Last modified: 2022-12-27 19:32:05