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Uterine fibroids: modern methods of treatment, advantages and complications

Journal: RUDN Journal of Medicine (Vol.27, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 57-64

Keywords : uterine fibroids; abnormal uterine bleeding; infertility; miscarriage; myomectomy; hysterectomy;

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The state of the reproductive system by women with uterine fibroids is considered as a part of this literature review. The main clinical manifestations of myomatous nodes were identified by writing the review: abnormal uterine and heavy menstrual bleeding, infertility, miscarriage, chronic pelvic pain, dysfunction of adjacent organs, which are indications for surgical treatment. It is noted that approximately 30 % of women with uterine fibroids suffer from abnormal uterine bleeding, leading to anemia and reduced quality of life. Chronic pelvic pain significantly reduces the quality of life of patients, worsening their functional and mental state and disrupting sexual function. This review focuses on reproductive problems in women with leiomyoma. Taking into consideration the high prevalence of this nosology and the need to preserve the fertility of patients, the review describes modern methods of treating patients with uterine myoma, including drug therapy surgical treatment and alternative methods. Currently, in order to stop the symptoms of uterine fibroids, as well as for preoperative preparation, conservative therapy is used, which allows to reduce pain, restore hemoglobin levels, reduce intraoperative blood loss and reduce surgery time. Reproductive disorders associated with uterine fibroids, such as infertility, recurrent miscarriage, and adverse obstetric outcomes, are a significant reason to improve organ-preserving therapies or develop new ones. Although hysterectomy is a radical treatment for uterine fibroids, it is unacceptable for patients who have not realized their reproductive function. Therefore, the most justified intervention is myomectomy with various surgical approaches, and as an alternative treatment, uterine artery embolization, radiofrequency ablation or high-intensity focused ultrasound treatment of uterine fibroids. These data allow us to conclude that the high prevalence and versatility of symptoms of uterine fibroids among patients of reproductive age determine the relevance of searching for optimal methods of treatment.

Last modified: 2023-03-30 05:16:13