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Journal: Journal of the Grodno State Medical University (Vol.21, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 161-171

Keywords : inguinal hernias; open treatment methods; elderly patients; treatment results;

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Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness of open methods of surgical treatment of inguinal hernia in elderly patients. Material and methods. The study includes 336 elderly patients with inguinal hernias. The Bassini hernioplasty was performed on 106 patients, the Liechtenstein technique was applied to 110 patients and the new tension-free method – to 120 patients. The effectiveness of hernioplasty was evaluated according to the results of the examination of patients in the early and remote postoperative periods, as well as the methodology for calculating the effectiveness of medical technologies in healthcare. Results. With open surgical interventions in patients with inguinal hernias in the early postoperative period there is an increase in the volume of the testicle on the side of surgery. In the remote period only after the Lichtenstein hernioplasty there was a decrease in the volume of the testicle (p<0.05). The relapse of the hernia (1-3 years later) after the Bassini hernioplasty took place in 9.4% cases, after the Liechtenstein hernioplasty - in 3.6% patients, and after applying the new method of hernioplasty there was no relapse of hernia. The new technique of tension-free hernioplastics was characterized by the highest level of medical (Km=1.00) and social efficiency (Ks=0.86). Conclusion. The new technique of open tension-free inguinal hernioplasty is characterized by the highest level of medical and social efficiency.

Last modified: 2023-05-17 16:26:04