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ΦΙΛΙΣΚΟΣ Ο ΜΑΧΙΜΟΣ (to the Interpretation of the Graffito from Myrmekion)

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.3, No. 45)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 148-157

Keywords : Greek epigraphy; archaeology; Myrmekion; graffito; ostracon; Bosporan mercenaries in the Egyptian army; Bosporus and Egypt; KBN 450; Δολης;

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The article publishes an ostracon with a two-line graffito found during the excavations of the Myrmekion settlement, dating from the II-I centuries BCE. The inscription on the shard Φιλίσκος ὁ μάχι|μος, which is most likely a private one (marking?), can be interpreted in two ways. In the first case, ὁ μάχιμος is interpreted in the broad meaning of 'warrior, fighter', representing a playful nickname of Philiskos, in the second – in a highly specialized one, used as a designation for foreign mercenaries in the Egyptian army of the Ptolemaic era. The involvement of documents fixing the presence of immigrants from the Bosporus in the Ptolemaic army allows us to consider the second reading option as quite possible. The graffito in question gives an occasion to turn once again to the interpretation of the lines 1-2 of CIRB 450 proposed by the author: Δολης ὁ [[Ἡ]]γοῦμεν|oς, which was seriously criticized by V.P. Yailenko. The analysis of the argument of an opponent reveals its inconsistency, and allows you to draw an interesting parallel between Δολης ὁ [[Ἡ]]γοῦμενος and Φιλίσκος ὁ μάχιμος in the first understanding of the graffito.

Last modified: 2023-11-20 05:05:22