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Impact of Interactive Video Information on Preoperative Anxiety in Patients undergoing Elective Abdominal Surgery at a Select Hospital in Tirupur - A Quasi-Experimental Study

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences (IRJPMS) (Vol.7, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 43-48

Keywords : ;

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Background of the Study: The study aims to assess the effect of interactive video information on preoperative anxiety as a means of alleviating anxiety in individuals undergoing elective abdominal surgery. Surgical anxiety impairs hemodynamic stability and recovery. Material and methods: Utilising a quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention two-group design, the impact of interactive video information on preoperative anxiety was assessed. By employing a technique of convenient sampling, 15 subjects were selected for the experimental group and 15 subjects were selected for the control group. Data from preoperative patients were obtained using a self-rating anxiety scale one day before surgery for both groups. The experimental group's samples were shown video clipping one at a time after the data collection was over. After each clipping, the samples were encouraged to ask questions and clear up any confusions they had, and they were also given more information about that cutting. Prior to premedication on the day of surgery, both groups' levels of anxiety were measured using a self-rating anxiety scale. Upon evaluating the anxiety level on the day of operation, questions for the control group were answered. Results: Anxiety was evaluated across various domains, including state anxiety, pain anxiety, preoperative preparation, anesthesia, surgery, and functional impact. In the experimental group, there was a big change in the mean score between the day before surgery and the day of surgery. There is a statistically significant difference observed across all domains, including daily living anxiety (5.63, df=14, P < 0.05), preoperative preparation (t=2.96, df=14, P < 0.05), anaesthesia (t=5.84, df=14, P < 0.05), and state anxiety (t=5.16, df=14, P < 0.05). The findings indicated that the experimental group experienced a substantial decrease in the average anxiety score (from pre-M=104.20 to post-M=87.60) (t=2.9, df=14, p < 0.05). The average apprehension level of the control group, however, did not decrease significantly. Conclusion: Most experimental group patients said the interactive video information was beneficial, interesting, and easy to participate in. Interactive video was a cost-effective nursing intervention to reduce patient anxiety and increase comfort, The study found.

Last modified: 2024-03-03 18:34:46