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Journal: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Medicine (IJPSM) (Vol.9, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 1-12

Keywords : Β-Carotene; Production; Extraction; Synthesis; Biological Properties;

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The presence of double bonds gives β-carotene its distinctive hue, making it an oxygen-deficient isoprene-containing molecule. There are cyclic rings at both ends of the molecule. The present review was based on the production, extraction, synthesis and biological properties of β-carotene. Mammals can't produce carotenoids from scratch; therefore, they must get them from somewhere else. Algae, higher plants (in fruits and flowers as esters), fungi, and animals all have these yellow, red, and orange pigments in their natural forms. Carotenoids are found in human breast milk and can be modified through the mother's diet. Hexane, tetrahydrofuran, and acetone are examples of aprotic organic solvents that can be used for solvent-based extraction of -carotene from algae after and before they have been treated. The -carotene in algae, fungi, and plants can be extracted with the help of these solvents. The extraction process for -carotene is sped up and improved by the use of supercritical fluids. Increasing beta-carotene production can be accomplished by tailoring a number of environmental factors, including the type of organism used in the cultivation process, the amount of light available, the amount of salt present, the pH level, and the type and availability of carbon sources. Microalgae, plants, and fungus have all been optimised to increase their beta-carotene synthesis. It concluded that when administered in different doses, it has been shown to have effects like antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. it is also effective against cancer, cardiovascular diseases, Covid-19 and various other diseases.

Last modified: 2024-04-15 20:34:05