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Molecular Network of NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation-Responsive Genes in a Human Monocyte Cell Line

Journal: Austin Journal of Clinical Immunology (Vol.1, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 1-10

Keywords : Mast cells; Autoimmune diseases;

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Background: Inflammasome, activated by pathogen-derived and host-derived danger signals, constitutes a multimolecular signaling complex that serves as a platform for Caspase-1 (CASP1) activation and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) maturation. The activation of NLRP3 inflammasome requires two-step signals. The first ““priming” signal enhances gene expression of inflammasome components. The second “activation” signal promotes the assembly of inflammasome components. Deregulated activation of NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to the pathological processes of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and Multiple Sclerosis (MS). However, at present, the precise mechanism regulating NLRP3 inflammasome activation and deactivation remains largely unknown. Methods: By genome-wide gene expression profiling, we studied the molecular network of NLRP3 inflammasome activation-responsive genes in a human monocyte cell line THP-1 sequentially given two-step signals. Results: We identified the set of 83 NLRP3 inflammasome activation-responsive genes. Among them, we found the NR4A nuclear receptor family NR4A1, NR4A2, and NR4A3, the EGR family EGR1, EGR2, and EGR3, the IκB family NFKBIZ, NFKBID, and NFKBIA as a key group of the genes that possibly constitute a negative feedback loop for shutting down inflammation following NLRP3 inflammasome activation. By molecular network analysis, we identified a complex network of NLRP3 inflammasome activation-responsive genes involved in cellular development and death, and immune and inflammatory responses, where transcription factors AP-1, NR4A, and EGR serve as a hub. Conclusion: NLRP3 inflammasome activation-responsive genes constitute the molecular network composed of a set of negative feedback regulators for prompt resolution of inflammation.

Last modified: 2016-07-21 20:26:28