ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login

On the role of the nomads in development of material culture of the Volga Bulgaria and the bulgarian ulus of the Golden Horde

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.4, No. 14)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 266-273

Keywords : Volga Bulgaria; the Golden Horde; the Bulgarian Ulus; nomads; Turks; Bulgarians; Pechenegs; Ghuzes; Khazars; Ugrian peoples.;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Archaeological findings of the last decades (from 1970s till recently) are used to examine ethnic and cultural interaction between the settled and the nomadic population, on the one hand, and different groups of nomads between themselves, on the other hand, in Volga Bulgaria and the Bulgarian Ulus of the Golden Horde. The study showed that the Turk- and Ugrian-speaking nomads were an important ethnic component of these state formations. At the same time, presence of nomads in the region and their influence on the culture of the settled Bulgarian population was different at different stages in history of the Volga Bulgaria. In pre-Mongol time, the nomads would use peripheries of the Bulgarian state, while the settled Bulgarians and their nomadic neighbors would build their relations as “us ? them”. During the Golden Horde time, the nomads started exploring central areas (the Turkic groups) and eastern territories (the Ugrian groups), and thus the nomadic element, either autonomous or integrated, became a permanent element in the Bulgarian Ulus in the 13th ? 14th centuries.

Last modified: 2016-11-23 07:34:27