Short Term Effect of Crop Residue and Different Nitrogen Levels on Grain yield of Wheat under Rice-Wheat SystemJournal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.2, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2017-07-02
Authors : Narayan Khatri; Dev Raj Chalise; Nabin Rawal;
Page : 1689-1693
Keywords : Crop residue; Nitrogen level and Yield.;
Crop residues are very important source of plant nutrients and recycling of crop residues with inorganic fertilizer increases the yield of rice and wheat in rice-wheat system. The objective of the study was to determine the production and productivity of wheat as affected by management of crop residues and different nitrogen levels. The field experiments were carried out in 2014 and 2015 at National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa, Nepal and the field was laid out in split plot design: two crop residue levels (with and without residues) as whole plot and seven nitrogen levels (0, 25, 50, 75,100, 125, 150 kg/ha) as sub-plot which were replicated three times. Significant difference was observed with crop residues incorporation in biological yield with the value of 5538 kg/ha as compared to without residue incorporation (4167 kg/ha) in 2014. Similar result was observed in 2015 as highest significant biological yield of 6629 kg/ha was recorded from residue incorporation plot. On the other hand, application of nitrogen @ 150 kg/ha resulted to significantly highest grain yield of 2593 and 3073 kg/ha in both years (2014 and 2015) respectively. The overall conclusion is that an improved crop residue management with appropriate dose of chemical fertilizer increases the grain yield of wheat in short term basis.
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