The models of postwar city reconstruction in The Netherlands: to the discussion between traditionalist and functionalist schoolsJournal: Scientific and Analytical Journal "Burganov House. Space of culture" (Vol.30, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2015-03-01
Authors : Ksenia A. Malich;
Page : 77-88
Keywords : postwar reconstruction; The Netherlands architecture; functionalism; traditionalism; restoration;
The article deals with one of the main theoretical problems of postwar reconstruction in The Netherlands — discussion between the representatives of traditional (Delft) school and the adherents of functionalism school. The author is focusing on the new urban planning models suggested during the period of the Dutch cities reconstruction. These two models could be considered as an important result of two competeing paradigms — recreation and recovery. In the first case with the help of traditional instruments and facilities the architects were trying to restore the ideal imago urbis of the city. The other concept was more guided by the dream of a new, contemporary and forward looking architecture. And here the categories of modernism architecture were more relevant. The rich building experience of 1940–1960-s had shown all the mistakes and advantages of both models. The thoughtful combination of these results led finally to the new architectural and urban paradigm of the 1970-s.
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