Мeans of education in the national pedagogy of the eastern slavsJournal: Scientific review, Науковий огляд, Научное обозрение (Vol.8, No. 40)
Publication Date: 2017-10-12
Authors : T. V. Okolnycha;
Page : 95-102
Keywords : Eastern Slavs; means of education; ethnographic sources; punishment; encouragement; national calendar;
In the article, main means of education of Eastern Slavs' children, on the basis of the analysis of ethnographic sources of the 19th and a first half of the 20th century, have been revealed. The author has defined the significance of the national calendar for the perception of knowledge in astronomy, which was fixed in the form of celebrating the days of summer and winter solstice; meteorological knowledge. Participation of children and adolescents in the rituals formed the appropriate stereotypes of behavior and the way of farming. A system of incentives and punishment as means of upbringing has been characterized in the publication. The author has come to the conclusion that the means of education (incentives and punishment, the national calendar) derive from the laws of education and determine the general direction of the educational process of the ethnic group.
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