FAILURE TO TAKE SUFFICIENT CARE AND CONTROL OF VERTEBRATES – ADMINISTRATIVE VIOLATION OR CRIMEJournal
: TRADITION AND MODERNITY IN VETERINARY MEDICINE (Vol.3, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2018-01-21
Authors : Silvia Kirova Veselin Kirov Gergana Nikolova Iliyan Kostov;
Page : 83-90
Keywords : vertebrate; medium level of bodily injury; severe bodily injury; administrative violation; crime.;
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Owners and persons supervising animals are obliged to take adequate and enough care for them and tocontrol their behaviour. This obligation is explicitly governed by the provisions of article 149, article 150 andarticle 177 of the Veterinary Medicine Act (VMA). Any failure to take due care, i.e. owners' omission, mayresult in damages both to animals and the other members of the society. The liability of the owners and the personssupervising the animals may be criminal in case the hypotheses of article 325c) of the Criminal Code exist,or administrative – criminal in case with their omission, respon-sible individuals have violated only the requirementsof the veterinary medical legislation.
This study highlights the need to differentiate cases where the responsible individu-als' failure to takeenough care for the animals is only an administrative violation, and cases where this is a crime, and what arethe competent government authorities that im-pose sanctions to the violator. The judgment of this circumstanceis crucial with view of the prohibition to sue a violator twice for the same, also used as a basis for the interpretationin Interpreting Decision No 3 enacted on 22.12.2015 under interpreting case No 3/2015 as per the inventoryof the General Assembly of the Criminal Bar at the Supreme Court of Cassation.
Last modified: 2018-01-29 17:18:55